How is enteroviral polio treated?

Updated: Mar 17, 2021
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
  • Print

Polio management is supportive in nature, as follows:

  • Abortive polio: Treatment with bed rest and minimal exertion may be done at home. Supportive treatment with analgesics and sedatives may be used.

  • Nonparalytic polio: Management is similar to that of abortive polio. Combine analgesic therapy with hot packs for pain relief.

  • Paralytic polio: In contrast to abortive and nonparalytic polio, which can be managed at home, patients with paralytic polio require hospitalization.

  • Bed rest is required during the early stages of the disease because exertion may worsen the paralysis.

  • Applying hot packs to affected muscles may alleviate pain.

  • Align the body in a neutral position to minimize deformity. Patients should start physical therapy soon after the resolution of pain. Physical therapy should include both active and passive exercises.

  • Mechanical ventilation may be required if respiratory muscles are affected.

  • Postural drainage and suction should be implemented in mild bulbar polio.

  • Patients with weakness or paralysis of the bladder may be treated with cholinergic agents, the sound of running water, or catheterization.

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!