Which lab tests are performed in the diagnosis of enteroviruses?

Updated: Mar 17, 2021
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Diagnosis of enterovirus infections is often clinical. Laboratory diagnosis can be achieved with the following:

  • Serological tests – Have multiple drawbacks; infrequently used

  • Viral isolation by cell culture – CSF, blood, or feces can be sampled, depending on the site affected; yield is increased if multiple sites are sampled

  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) – Provides rapid results; the best diagnostic test for use in CSF

  • In myopericarditis, chest radiography, echocardiography, and ECG can be used for diagnosis

See Workup for more detail.

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