Which species are the most common cause of Enterobacter bacteremia?

Updated: Jun 18, 2019
  • Author: Susan L Fraser, MD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Most cases of Enterobacter bacteremia are nosocomial, frequently acquired in the ICU.

E cloacae, followed by E hormaechei, are the species implicated most frequently in Enterobacter bacteremia cases.

Mixed bacteremia is common (14-53%).

The portal of entry into the bloodstream is frequently unknown, but any infected organ, central line, or arterial catheters may be the primary source of bacteremia.


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