When is prophylaxis against infective endocarditis (IE) indicated?

Updated: Jan 03, 2019
  • Author: John L Brusch, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Consider prophylaxis against IE in patients at higher risk. Patients at higher risk include those with the following conditions:

  • Presence of prosthetic heart valve
  • History of endocarditis
  • Cardiac transplant recipients who develop cardiac valvulopathy
  • Congenital heart disease with a high-pressure gradient lesion

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