How does S aureus penetrate the keratinocyte layer in the pathogenesis of infective endocarditis (IE)?

Updated: Jan 03, 2019
  • Author: John L Brusch, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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The skin is quite resistant to S aureus infection due in great part to its production of antimicrobial peptides. Soong et al discovered that, in vitro, the secretion of alpha toxin by S aureus allows the organism to successfully penetrate the keratinocyte layer. This could explain the presence of staphylococcal bacteremia in the absence of any gross damage to the epithelial layer. [16]

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