How is coccidioidomycosis prevented?

Updated: Aug 27, 2019
  • Author: Duane R Hospenthal, MD, PhD, FACP, FIDSA, FASTMH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Individuals who live or travel to endemic areas should be aware that the risk of infection is related to exposure to disrupted soil and dust, as may occur around construction sites or during dust storms. Occupational risk and exposure are highest among persons in close proximity to soil and dust, such as gardeners, farm workers, construction workers, and persons involved in archaeological digs.

Laboratory personnel in microbiology laboratories should take proper precautions when handling cultures with possible growth of Coccidioides immitis.

Some protection may be afforded with a well-fitted dust face mask, but these are not always practical or available.

For patients with organ transplants and a history of coccidioidomycosis, antifungal treatment at the time of engraftment has been proposed, although no formal recommendations exist.


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