Which medications are used in the treatment of Corynebacterium infections?

Updated: Jun 14, 2019
  • Author: Lynda A Frassetto, MD; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Answer

For C diphtheriae infection, the therapy is antitoxin and antibiotic treatment. Many antibiotics previously were effective, including penicillin, erythromycin, clindamycin, rifampin, and tetracycline. More recently, resistance to penicillins, erythromycins, and clindamycin has been reported [52, 53] ; this is especially true for nontoxigenic C diphtheriae strains tested in Europe. [54]

For the nondiphtherial corynebacteria, antibiotic susceptibility testing is often required to determine the best treatment.

Booster treatment with diphtheria toxoid is also given often. Please see Deterrence/Prevention for a discussion of vaccinations with toxoid.


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