What is the global prevalence of nondiphtherial Corynebacterium (diphtheroid) infections?

Updated: Jun 14, 2019
  • Author: Lynda A Frassetto, MD; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Answer

Infections with the nondiphtherial corynebacteria are reported worldwide. [24] Some (eg, group D2) originally reported in Europe are now found in the United States, while the JK group initially reported in the United States is found in Europe.

Egwari et al (2008) found that, in east Africa, 9.7% of odontogenic infections that progressed to sepsis were due to diphtheroids. [25]

The incidence of C ulcerans infections in the United Kingdom associated with contact with exposed animals has increased over the past 2 decades, becoming more common than C diphtheriae infections. [26]

C ulcerans has also been reported in Latin America and one fatal case was noted in Brazil in 2008, in an elderly woman with disseminated disease resistant to penicillin and clindamycin. [27]


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