Which medications in the drug class Anxiolytics, Benzodiazepines are used in the treatment of Dizziness, Vertigo, and Imbalance?

Updated: Mar 13, 2017
  • Author: Hesham M Samy, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Robert A Egan, MD  more...
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Answer

Anxiolytics, Benzodiazepines

By binding to specific receptor sites, benzodiazepines appear to potentiate the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and facilitate inhibitory GABA neurotransmission and other inhibitory transmitters. These effects may prevent vertigo and emesis.

Diazepam (Valium, Diastat)

Diazepam is effective in treating vertigo, acute episodes in particular. It depresses all levels of the central nervous system (CNS), including the limbic system and the reticular formation, possibly by increasing the activity of GABA. Individualize the dosage, and cautiously increase it so as to avoid adverse effects. Discontinue as quickly as possible to maximize the cerebellar vestibular compensation process.


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