What is the cause of most falls in the elderly?

Updated: Mar 13, 2017
  • Author: Hesham M Samy, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Robert A Egan, MD  more...
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Answer

The most common fall is a simple event in which the patient has tripped but has no ominous underlying peripheral or central disorder. Hazards in the environment (eg, rugs, electrical wires, poor lighting), polypharmacy, and orthopedic factors often contribute to falls. Because of the substantial risk of injury and the resultant decline in independence or quality of life after a fall, a well-directed evaluation is indicated. Orthostatic hypotension due to aging or medications is also a common contributor. Normal pressure hydrocephalus is also a contributing factor to gait abnormalities and falling.


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