What is the role of cytology in the workup of chlamydial genitourinary infections (chlamydia)?

Updated: Sep 25, 2018
  • Author: Shahab Qureshi, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Cytology is used mainly for diagnosing infant inclusion conjunctivitis and ocular trachoma through the demonstration of intracytoplasmic C trachomatis inclusions in HeLa cells (ie, continuously cultured carcinoma cell line used for tissue cultures). Cytologic diagnosis also is used to evaluate endocervical scrapings, but interpretation is difficult, and sensitivity and specificity have been low.


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