What is Reiter syndrome and how is chlamydial genitourinary infection (chlamydia) a risk factor?

Updated: Sep 25, 2018
  • Author: Shahab Qureshi, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Reiter syndrome, a reactive arthritis secondary to an immune-mediated response, has been associated with a primary chlamydial infection. It may present as asymmetric polyarthritis, urethritis, inflammatory eye disease, mouth ulcers, circinate balanitis, and keratoderma blennorrhagica. Its etiology may not be completely clear, but 2 strong associations are observed: Reiter syndrome usually follows an infectious episode, and 80% of affected patients are positive for human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B27.


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