Which physical findings are characteristic of megaesophagus in chronic Chagas disease?

Updated: Apr 26, 2019
  • Author: Louis V Kirchhoff, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Answer

Chronic chagasic megaesophagus may manifest as the following:

  • Weight loss and, in severe cases, cachexia
  • Hypertrophy of the salivary glands
  • Pneumonitis related to regurgitation and aspiration of the food retained in the esophagus or stomach (particularly during sleep)
  • Erosive esophagitis, with increased risk for esophageal cancer

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