What causes cellulitis?

Updated: Jun 14, 2019
  • Author: Thomas E Herchline, MD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

The vast majority of cases of cellulitis are likely caused by Streptococcus pyogenes and, to a lesser degree, by Staphylococcus aureus. In rare cases, cellulitis results from the metastatic seeding of an organism from a distant focus of infection, especially in immunocompromised individuals. Distant seeding is particularly common in cellulitis due to S pneumoniae (pneumococcus) and marine Vibriospecies. Neisseria meningitidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Brucella species, and Legionella species have also been reported as rare causes of cellulitis resulting from hematogenous spread. [19]


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