How does cat scratch disease (CSD) manifest in immunocompromised patients?

Updated: Feb 16, 2021
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Patients with HIV infection have an increased risk of CSD. The inoculation sites may be difficult to distinguish from Kaposi sarcoma. The normally benign disease of CSD can be life-threatening to an immunocompromised host. These patients, as well as other immunocompromised patients (eg, those with cancer, persons who have undergone transplantation) may develop bacillary angiomatosis, bacillary peliosis, or persistent or relapsing fever with bacteremia.


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