How is encephalitis manifested in cat scratch disease (CSD)?

Updated: Feb 16, 2021
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
  • Print
Answer

Encephalitis occurs in approximately 2-4% of CSD cases; the condition is characterized by confusion, restlessness, combativeness, and disorientation. Generalized headache and transient nuchal rigidity are often present. Symptoms rapidly progress within hours to seizures and coma. [48] Seizures occur in one half to three fourths of patients and may be self-limited or progress to status epilepticus. Coma complicated by respiratory depression requiring intubation and ventilatory assistance often is reported.


Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!