Which phenotypes of Bartonella (B) henselae are pathogenic for cat scratch disease (CSD) globally?

Updated: Feb 16, 2021
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

At least 2 genotypes of B henselae have been isolated from cats in Europe. B henselae is endemic in Europe, Africa, Australia, and Japan. In Germany, B henselae was the causative agent of head and neck lymphadenopathy in 61 (13.4%) of 454 patients [35] and the most common cause of lymphadenopathy in adults and children. [35, 12]


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