Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Botulism?

Updated: Feb 15, 2019
  • Author: Kirk M Chan-Tack, MD; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Answer

Antibiotics

When botulism develops following a wound infection, antibiotic therapy and meticulous debridement of the wound are essential.

Penicillin G (Pfizerpen)

Preferred drug of choice for wound botulism. Interferes with synthesis of cell wall mucopeptide during active multiplication, resulting in bactericidal activity against susceptible microorganisms.

Chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin)

Alternate to penicillin. Binds to 50S bacterial-ribosomal subunits and inhibits bacterial growth by inhibiting protein synthesis. Effective against gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria.

Clindamycin (Cleocin)

Alternative to penicillin. Inhibits bacterial growth, possibly by blocking dissociation of peptidyl tRNA from ribosomes, causing RNA-dependent protein synthesis to arrest.


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