Which clinical history findings are characteristic of botulism?

Updated: Feb 15, 2019
  • Author: Kirk M Chan-Tack, MD; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Following the onset of symptoms, botulism quickly progresses over several days. The magnitude of the neuromuscular impairment can advance hourly. Persons who survive this phase eventually stabilize and then recover over a period of days to months. The mechanism of recovery is not fully understood but requires the generation of new presynaptic axons and the formation of new synapses, as the original synapses are permanently affected. As with tetanus, recovery from botulism does not confer long-term immunity. Rare reports have described a second episode in the same patient.

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