What is the role of inhaled anesthetic agents in the treatment of status asthmaticus?

Updated: Jun 17, 2020
  • Author: Constantine K Saadeh, MD; Chief Editor: John J Oppenheimer, MD  more...
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Answer

Inhaled anesthetic agents, such as halothane, isoflurane, and enflurane, have been used with varying degrees of success in refractory, intubated patients with severe asthma. The mechanism of action is unclear but they may have direct relaxant effects on airway smooth muscle. [46, 47]

Other inhaled anesthetics that have been studied include propofol and sevoflurane. Prolonged propofol administration, however, may be complicated by generalized seizure, increased carbon dioxide production, and hypertriglyceridemia.


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