What are common prophylactic measures for posterior cerebral artery (PCA) stroke?

Updated: Jul 30, 2018
  • Author: Erek K Helseth, MD; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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Effective treatment of hypertension has been proven to reduce the risk of recurrent stroke. In addition, emphasis should always be placed on smoking cessation, moderation of alcohol use, and discontinuation of illicit substance use.

In patients with elevated cholesterol, sustained reduction in cholesterol levels may also reduce the chances of stroke. Numerous studies have demonstrated a modest stroke risk-reduction benefit in patients with coronary heart disease; however, the results of the Stroke Prevention by Aggressive Reduction in Cholesterol levels (SPARCL) study suggest that patients without CHD also have a lower incidence of stroke on statin therapy. [25]

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