How is metabolic bone disease characterized in exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?

Updated: Aug 12, 2021
  • Author: Samer Al-Kaade, MD; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Metabolic bone disease caused by vitamin D deficiency can result in osteopenia or osteomalacia. In severe cases, bone pain and pathologic fractures occur with low calcium levels leading to secondary hyperparathyroidism.

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