How is anemia diagnosed in early symptomatic HIV infection?

Updated: Jan 02, 2019
  • Author: Robert J Carpenter, DO, AAHIVS, FACP; Chief Editor: John Bartlett, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

In patients with anemia, a thorough evaluation is essential to exclude all other causes besides HIV, especially any correctable causes. In addition to the workup detailed in Anemia, measuring the serum erythropoietin (EPO) level can help distinguish between bone marrow damage (ie, normal EPO level) and inflammatory anemia (ie, low EPO level).


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