How is VZV infection diagnosed in early symptomatic HIV infection?

Updated: Jan 02, 2019
  • Author: Robert J Carpenter, DO, AAHIVS, FACP; Chief Editor: John Bartlett, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

Viral culture is also the criterion standard for diagnosis for VZV. In addition, DFA is a useful and generally rapidly available test with good sensitivity and specificity. Results from a Tzanck preparation (ie, Giemsa stain of vesicle contents) may reveal multinucleated giant cells and intranuclear inclusions specific for HSV or VZV, but the sensitivity is low. See Herpes Zoster for more details.


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