Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of HIV infection with oral lesions?

Updated: Jan 02, 2020
  • Author: Robert J Carpenter, DO, FACP; Chief Editor: John Bartlett, MD  more...
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Oral lesions in HIV-infected patients, regardless of CD4 cell count, include the following:

  • Thrush

  • Hairy leukoplakia

  • Aphthous ulcers

  • Herpes simplex

  • Herpes zoster

In patients with CD4 cell counts less than 200/µL, cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and KS should also be considered.

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