Which medications in the drug class Antiretroviral Agent, Fusion Inhibitor are used in the treatment of HIV Infection and AIDS?

Updated: Dec 02, 2019
  • Author: Nicholas John Bennett, MBBCh, PhD, MA(Cantab), FAAP; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Antiretroviral Agent, Fusion Inhibitor

These agents disrupt the ability of HIV to fuse with and infect healthy T cells.

Enfuvirtide (Fuzeon)

This is the first agent in the new anti-HIV class called fusion inhibitors. Indicated for use in combination with other antiretroviral agents for HIV-1 infection in treatment-experienced patients who demonstrate evidence of HIV-1 replication despite ongoing antiretroviral therapy.

Enfuvirtide binds to HIV gp41 surface protein, thereby, disrupting the virus's ability to fuse with and infect healthy T cells. In clinical trials, subjects were twice as likely to achieve undetectable HIV-1 plasma levels (eg, < 40 copies/mL) when enfuvirtide was added to antiretroviral optimized regimens than without enfuvirtide added to therapy.

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