Which medications in the drug class Antiretroviral Agent, Integrase Inhibitor are used in the treatment of HIV Infection and AIDS?

Updated: Jul 27, 2020
  • Author: Shelley A Gilroy, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Antiretroviral Agent, Integrase Inhibitor

This agent prevents insertion of a DNA copy of the viral genome into host cell DNA. It is indicated for HIV-1 infection combination therapy in treatment-experienced adults with evidence of viral replication and drug-resistant HIV-1 strains.

Raltegravir (Isentress)

Raltegravir was the first available agent in the class of integrase strand transfer inhibitors.

Dolutegravir (Tivicay)

Dolutegravir is an integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) that inhibits catalytic activity of HIV-1 integrase, an HIV encoded enzyme required for viral replication. It is approved for use in children 12 years or older who weigh at least 40 kg.

Elvitegravir (Vitekta)

Integrase inhibitor that is used in combination with an HIV protease inhibitor (ie, atazanavir, lopinavir, darunavir, fosamprenavir, or tipranavir) and coadministered with ritonavir plus other antiretroviral drug(s) as indicated for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in antiretroviral treatment-experienced adults. It was originally approved as part of the combination product elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir (Stribild).

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