What is the role of antiretroviral medications for the prevention of HIV transmission?

Updated: Jul 01, 2019
  • Author: Nicholas John Bennett, MBBCh, PhD, MA(Cantab), FAAP; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
  • Print
Answer

An innovative and controversial strategy for preventing HIV transmission is regular use of antiretroviral medications by uninfected individuals. An updated clinical practice guideline released in May 2014 by the CDC, extends recommendations for preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) of HIV in high-risk patients. [147, 148] According to these guidelines, PrEP should be considered for the following non-HIV-infected individuals:

  • Anyone who is in an ongoing sexual relationship with an HIV-infected partner

  • A gay or bisexual man who has had sex without a condom or has been diagnosed with a sexually transmitted infection within the past 6 months and is not in a mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who recently tested HIV-negative

  • A heterosexual man or woman who does not always use condoms when having sex with partners known to be at risk for HIV and is not in a mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who recently tested HIV-negative

  • Anyone who, in the preceding 6 months, has injected illicit drugs and shared equipment or been in a treatment program for injection drug use


Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!