What are vertical transmission prevention measures for HIV infection?

Updated: Jul 27, 2020
  • Author: Shelley A Gilroy, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Vertical transmission

Prevention measures include the following:

  • Maternal testing

  • Effective control of maternal infection

  • Prenatal antiviral therapy and treatment of mother and infant during labor, delivery, and the neonatal period

  • Cesarean delivery

  • Avoidance of breastfeeding (unless local conditions make this unsafe or unfeasible)

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