What are vertical transmission prevention measures for HIV infection?

Updated: Dec 02, 2019
  • Author: Nicholas John Bennett, MBBCh, PhD, MA(Cantab), FAAP; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Vertical transmission

Prevention measures include the following:

  • Maternal testing

  • Effective control of maternal infection

  • Prenatal antiviral therapy and treatment of mother and infant during labor, delivery, and the neonatal period

  • Cesarean delivery

  • Avoidance of breastfeeding (unless local conditions make this unsafe or unfeasible)

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