What is the role of STDs in the transmission of HIV?

Updated: Jul 27, 2020
  • Author: Shelley A Gilroy, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
  • Print

Concomitant infection with other STDs (eg, gonorrhea, herpes, syphilis) is the most well-known risk factor that predisposes to transmission of HIV. These STDs may cause mucosal ulcerations or tears or a higher concentration of inflammatory cells in the mucosa, which are targets for HIV infection. Comprehensive testing for these should be obtained when a sexual transmission is suspected or the source of infection is unknown, both in the patient and in sexual partners.

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!