How should opportunistic infections be treated in HIV infection?

Updated: Jul 27, 2020
  • Author: Shelley A Gilroy, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Treatment of opportunistic infections is paramount and should be directed at the specific pathogen. Although effective antiretroviral therapy reduces the risk of acquiring an opportunistic infection and reverses the effects of many opportunistic infections (eg, Kaposi sarcoma, cytomegalovirus retinitis), aggressive treatment of life-threatening or otherwise serious infections may necessitate a temporary stay of antiretroviral therapy to avoid drug interactions or cumulative toxicity.

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