Why is prophylaxis for Pneumocystis jiroveci important for HIV management?

Updated: Jul 01, 2019
  • Author: Nicholas John Bennett, MBBCh, PhD, MA(Cantab), FAAP; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Prophylaxis for Pneumocystisjiroveci (a normally harmless commensal organism) is most important, as this causes a common, preventable, serious infection. In patients with CD4 counts of less than 200/μL, prophylaxis with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX; Bactrim) has been shown to prevent Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP).


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