How has the introduction of HAART affected mortality rates?

Updated: Jul 27, 2020
  • Author: Shelley A Gilroy, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

The introduction of HAART has significantly improved mortality rates. One study of nearly 7000 men with HIV infection found that annual mortality rates decreased from 7% in 1996 to 1.3% in 2004, although the findings highlighted the fact that non–AIDS-related illnesses were accounting for a greater proportion of deaths. [91]

These findings were repeated in another, more recent study of over 83,000 people with AIDS in the United States from 1990-2006, [111] which showed that cancers as a cause of mortality decreased overall but increased as a percentage of deaths, with non-Hodgkin lymphoma being the most common AIDS-related cancer and lung cancer being the most common non–AIDS-related cancer.


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