What is the mortality rate of AIDS in New York City?

Updated: Jul 01, 2019
  • Author: Nicholas John Bennett, MBBCh, PhD, MA(Cantab), FAAP; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Sackoff et al found that between 1999 and 2004, the HIV-related mortality rate in New York City decreased each year by approximately 50 deaths per 10,000 people with AIDS. The rate of non–HIV-related deaths also showed a decline, more modest but consistent, with about 7.5 fewer deaths per 10,000 people with AIDS per year. [85]

Importantly, many researchers have consistently shown that the primary risk factor for infection affects mortality. For example, the mortality rate among intravenous drug users tends to be higher, whether related to HIV disease or non-HIV disease.

Overall, with the increasing use of antiretroviral therapy and the introduction of better antiviral regimens, survival with HIV infection has increased over time, although it is not yet equivalent to that in uninfected individuals. (See the image below.)

Changes in survival of people infected with HIV. A Changes in survival of people infected with HIV. As therapies have become more aggressive, they have been more effective, although survival with HIV infection is not yet equivalent to that in uninfected people. Modified from Lohse N et al. Survival of persons with and without HIV infection in Denmark, 1995-2005. Ann Intern Med. 2007;146(2):87-95.

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