How does the prevalence of HIV vary by age and race?

Updated: Jul 27, 2020
  • Author: Shelley A Gilroy, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

From 2013-2017, CDC HIV surveillance statistics show that rates among children (< 13 years) and persons aged 13-24 years decreased. In 2018, the highest rate (32.4 per 100,000 population) of new HIV infections in the United States were in adults aged 25-29 years, followed by adults aged 20-24 years (27.6 per 100,000 population). Among all adults and adolescents, males accounted for 81% of new HIV infections. [76] The highest rates per 100,000 population were 39.3 in blacks, followed by 16.2 in Hispanics/Latinos, 12.4 in persons of multiple races, 11.8 in native Hawaiians/other Pacific Islanders, 7.8 in American Indians/Alaskan natives, 4.9 in whites, and 4.7 in Asians. Male-to-male sexual contact accounted for 72.1% (8800 individuals) and 3% for male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use. [76] The percentage of youths tested for HIV infection was 12.9% in high-school students and 34.5% in individuals aged 18-24 years. Testing was lower in males than females. More than half (59.5%) of youths with HIV infection are unaware of their infection. [80]


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