What are risk factors for HIV exposure?

Updated: Jul 27, 2020
  • Author: Shelley A Gilroy, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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The history should address risk factors for possible exposure to HIV, including the following:

  • Unprotected sexual intercourse, especially receptive anal intercourse

  • A large number of sexual partners

  • Previous or current sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)

  • Sharing of intravenous (IV) drug paraphernalia

  • Receipt of blood products (before 1985 in the United States)

  • Mucosal contact with infected blood or needle-stick injuries

  • Maternal HIV infection (for newborns, infants, and children)

See Clinical Presentation for more detail.

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