What causes pediatric tension-type headache?

Updated: Jan 02, 2019
  • Author: J Ivan Lopez, MD, FAAN, FAHS; Chief Editor: George I Jallo, MD  more...
  • Print
Answer

The causes of tension-type headache are still poorly understood. A combination of muscular factors, abnormal pain-perception mechanisms, and central emotional abnormalities exist, all possibly linked to brain-stem serotonergic interneurons. Furthermore, central and peripheral sensitization is involved. Contrary to common belief, the relevance of muscle contraction itself is marginal, especially in the chronic form.


Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!