Which medications in the drug class Local Anesthetics, Amides are used in the treatment of Bronchial Thermoplasty?

Updated: Mar 30, 2021
  • Author: Said A Chaaban, MD; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Answer

Local Anesthetics, Amides

Local anesthetics block the initiation and conduction of nerve impulses. Anesthetics used for the procedure include lidocaine.

Lidocaine and epinephrine (Xylocaine MPF with epinephrine)

Lidocaine is an amide local anesthetic used in 1%-2% concentration. It inhibits depolarization of type C sensory neurons by blocking sodium channels.

Epinephrine prolongs its effect and enhances hemostasis (maximum epinephrine dose, 4.5-7 mg/kg).


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