What is the role of PLAS+S in the treatment of factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency?

Updated: Apr 02, 2018
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Perumal Thiagarajan, MD  more...
  • Print
Answer

Pooled plasma treated with solvent-detergent (PLAS+SD) is available to treat any condition in which FFP typically is used and for which no factor concentrate is available. Viral inactivation using the solvent-detergent (SD) process has been used in preparation of coagulation factor concentrates in the past. In vitro treatment of donor plasma with 1% of the solvent tri(n- butyl) phosphate (TNBP) and 1% of the detergent Triton X-100 leads to significant inactivation of a broad spectrum of lipid-enveloped viruses. Note the following:

  • Studies of viral inactivation using the SD process show significant inactivation of the human pathogenic viruses hepatitis B and C and HIV. Other lipid-enveloped viruses (eg, Sindbis virus, bovine viral diarrhea virus) also have been used to monitor inactivation.

  • PLAS+SD is ABO blood type specific, and SD-treated plasma should be ABO compatible with the recipient's red cells.

  • The frozen product is supplied in 200-mL bags. Each 200-mL bag has been demonstrated to raise factor levels by approximately 2-3%, with 4-6 bags raising the factor level of a 70-kg person by approximately 8-18%.

  • Monitoring of specific factor levels before and after product infusion is important to ensure that hemostatically adequate levels are achieved and maintained to provide adequate hemostasis.


Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!