What is the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the pathophysiology of factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency?

Updated: Aug 01, 2019
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Perumal Thiagarajan, MD  more...
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Nitric oxide (NO), an important diffusible molecular messenger, is increasingly recognized as having an impact on coagulation proteins. Activity of plasma transglutaminase is inhibited by NO via nitrosylation of critical thiol groups (reactive cysteine residue), resulting in inhibition of both g-chain cross-linking and insoluble clot formation. NO donors and carriers inhibit FXIII activity in a dose-dependent manner, in a purified system and in plasma. Tissue transglutaminases are involved in apoptosis, and inhibition of their activity by NO prevents apoptosis. [50, 51]

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