What are the glucagon reference ranges?

Updated: Nov 13, 2018
  • Author: Cory Wilczynski, MD; Chief Editor: Eric B Staros, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

The reference ranges for glucagon can be found in the table below. [1]

Table 1. Glucagon Reference Ranges

Table. (Open Table in a new window)

Test

Source

Ages, conditions, etc.

Conventional Units

Conversion Factor

SI Units

Comments

Glucagon

Plasma

Adult

≤ 60 pg/mL

0.287

≤17.2 pmol/L

Centrifuge immediately under refrigeration. Store in plastic vial with 0.5 ml aprotinin (10,000KIU/mL) at -20°C. An overnight fast is required.

Children

Cord blood

≤ 215 pg/mL

≤ 62 pmol/L

Day 1

≤ 240 pg/mL

≤ 69 pmol/L

Day 2

≤ 400 pg/mL

≤ 115 pmol/L

Day 3

≤ 420 pg/mL

≤ 121 pmol/L

Day 4-14

≤ 148pg/mL

≤ 42 pmol/L

Additional information on glucagon and glucose levels is as follows:

  • For basic reference, the interval for glucagon in adults/children is 40-130 ng/L [2]

  • Blood glucose levels are measured in mg/dL

  • Hypoglycemia is considered when the glucose value is less than 70mg/dL

  • The normal glucose range is 80-100 mg/dL

  • The glucose range for prediabetes is 100-125 mg/dL


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