What is the efficacy of transplantation for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)?

Updated: Jul 17, 2018
  • Author: Karen Seiter, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Relatively few studies have compared transplantation with chemotherapy in adults with ALL. In a study by the Groupe Ouest-Est des Leucemies Airgues et Maladies du Sang (GOELAMS), subjects younger than 45 years who had a sibling donor and whose disease was in remission were assigned to allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). [59] The remaining subjects received methylprednisolone, Ara-C, mitoxantrone, and etoposide chemotherapy followed by autologous BMT.

For subjects undergoing allogeneic BMT, the rate of freedom from relapse was 70% at 4 years. However, because of transplant-related complications, the event-free survival rate was only 33%. No toxic deaths occurred in the subjects who underwent autologous BMT. However, the event-free survival rate was only 17% at 4 years because of a high rate of relapse. [59]


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