What are the signs and symptoms of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)?

Updated: Jul 17, 2018
  • Author: Karen Seiter, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Symptoms of anemia are common and include fatigue, dizziness, palpitations, and dyspnea upon even mild exertion. Other patients present with signs of bleeding. Bleeding can be the result of thrombocytopenia due to marrow replacement. Additionally, approximately 10% of patients with ALL have disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) at the time of diagnosis. These patients may present with hemorrhagic or thrombotic complications.

Some patients present with palpable lymphadenopathy. Others, particularly those with T-cell ALL, present with symptoms related to a large mediastinal mass, such as shortness of breath.


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