How is neutropenia managed in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)?

Updated: Jul 24, 2018
  • Author: Emmanuel C Besa, MD; Chief Editor: Koyamangalath Krishnan, MD, FRCP, FACP  more...
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Answer

Treat infections and neutropenia. Some patients may require granulocyte transfusions, but the risk of alloimmunization is high, as is the risk of developing refractoriness to future transfusion therapy. Life-threatening infections, especially of fungal etiologies, require administration of granulocytes and antifungal agents. Prophylactic antibiotics may be considered in extrememly high risk patients with severe neutropenia.


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