What is the significance of an enlarged spleen in the evaluation for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)?

Updated: Jul 24, 2018
  • Author: Emmanuel C Besa, MD; Chief Editor: Koyamangalath Krishnan, MD, FRCP, FACP  more...
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An enlarged spleen may be found in persons with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), often indicating an overlap syndrome with MDS. CMML must be differentiated from chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Patients with an enlarged spleen may have complications related to spontaneous rupture and intra-abdominal exsanguination.

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