How does the incidence of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) vary by age?

Updated: Jul 24, 2018
  • Author: Emmanuel C Besa, MD; Chief Editor: Koyamangalath Krishnan, MD, FRCP, FACP  more...
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Although MDS may occur in persons of any age, including children, MDS primarily affects elderly people, with the median onset in the seventh decade of life. Data from 2001 through 2003 of the first National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology & End Reports (SEER) indicate 86% of MDS cases were diagnosed in individuals who were 60 years of age or older (median age: 76y).

Other data from SEER also show that the estimated incidence of MDS increases significantly with age, ranging from 0.7 per 100,000 population during the fourth decade of life to 20.8-36.3/100,000 after age 70 years. There is a fivefold difference in risk between age 60 and ≥80 years.

At all ages, MDS is more common in males than in females. In SEER data from 2001-2003, the incidence rate was significantly higher in men than in women (4.5 vs 2.7 per 100,000 population). [12]

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