Which chemical exposures may cause myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)?

Updated: Jul 24, 2018
  • Author: Emmanuel C Besa, MD; Chief Editor: Koyamangalath Krishnan, MD, FRCP, FACP  more...
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Answer

MDS may also develop after exposure to certain chemicals (eg, benzene). Insecticides, weed killers, and fungicides are also possible causes of MDS and secondary leukemia. [4] Viral infections have also been implicated. Less evidence supports genetic predisposition, but familial incidences have been described. Some of the congenital platelet disorders with RUNX1 and GATA2 mutations can predispose to MDS.


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