What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of solitary bone plasmacytoma (SBP)?

Updated: Dec 31, 2019
  • Author: Suzanne R Fanning, DO; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

On plain radiographs, solitary bone plasmacytoma (SBP) classically has a lytic appearance with clear margins and a narrow zone of transition to healthy surrounding bone. [7] Rare occurrences of a cyst, a trabeculated lesion resembling a giant cell tumor or an aneurysmal bone cyst, and sclerotic lesions have been described. [41] The sclerotic lesion is associated with polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome. [42]

On MRI, the appearance of SBP is consistent with that of a focal area of bone marrow replacement; the signal intensity is similar to muscle on T1-weighted images and hyperintense about muscle on T2-weighted images. MRI is the modality of choice for soft tissue evaluation; also, MRI of the axial skeleton has been shown to be superior to whole-body x-rays and is recommended in patients with SBP of the spine and suspected cord or nerve root compression. [43]


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