What is the prognosis of von Willebrand disease (vWD) types 2 and 3?

Updated: Dec 30, 2019
  • Author: Eleanor S Pollak, MD; Chief Editor: Srikanth Nagalla, MBBS, MS, FACP  more...
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Answer

In individuals with vWD types II and III, bleeding episodes may be severe and potentially life threatening. Individuals with type III disease who have correspondingly low FVIII levels may develop arthropathies, as more commonly seen in hemophilia A patients with comparably decreased FVIII levels.

Levels of vWF normally increase with age. However, Sanders and colleagues found that although vWF levels increased with aging in patients with type I vWD, elderly patients with type I reported no change in their pattern of bleeding did not change. In patients with type II vWD, vWF levels did not increase with aging, and eldelry patients reported significantly more bleeding symptoms. [12]


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