Which lab studies are performed in the evaluation of anaphylactic transfusion reactions?

Updated: Jan 02, 2019
  • Author: S Gerald Sandler, MD, FACP, FCAP; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Anaphylactic reactions are excluded by the presence of red plasma or urine, discordant pretransfusion and posttransfusion ABO blood types, or a positive direct antiglobulin (Coombs) test result. Demonstration of anti-IgA in a pretransfusion sample of the recipient's serum or plasma establishes the diagnosis. Testing for anti-IgA is difficult to perform and is available only in a few reference laboratories; therefore, screening for IgA deficiency should be the initial laboratory study. The presence of IgA in the recipient's pretransfusion sample excludes the diagnosis of a class-specific IgA/anti-IgA reaction.


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